Immunizations start in the womb itself. Shots are given during pregnancy and this protects the mother and child till the baby comes to term, and through labor. As soon as the baby arrives, the next round of immunizations starts. The hospital gives you a list of immunizations that your baby should be given. The pediatrician will keep you updated on the other vaccines that your child should take and when they should be given. In fact, there are government agencies that check to see if children have been given their shots correctly. If they have not been administered, health inspectors or social workers may even make house calls to remind you that you have to inoculate your child. Because of this strict policy of immunization, many diseases that used to be fatal or cause irreparable damage are almost fully eradicated in our country now.
What are the diseases that you should have vaccinated your child against?
· Hib vaccine
· Pneumococcal vaccine
The acronym MMR stands for mumps, measles, and rubella which is German measles. This immunizes a child against these infections. Follow up shots need to be given at the appropriate age.
Polio has been eradicated in most countries thanks to the polio vaccine. The polio vaccine comes in the form of drops. Babies and young children are susceptible to polio. The first polio drops are given during the first month for the baby. The follow up polio drops are equally important and must be given at the right time, as prescribed by your doctor.
Diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis are diseases that still strike children in our country, albeit occasionally. For the most part, pediatricians and parents make sure that children receive these immunizations at the right time.
This is a relatively new vaccine and is such a boon as it protects children against a deadly childhood illness, spinal meningitis. The vaccine whose full form is Haemophilus influenzae type b protects children against this disease.
This vaccine has also been around only for a while. It protects children against hepatitis B which is a serious type of jaundice that can affect the liver.
Pneumococcal vaccine (PCV7)
This new vaccine helps protect children against pneumonia, infection in the blood, and meningitis. The introduction of this vaccine has decreased child mortality rates in the country.
For the longest time, chicken pox was just one of those diseases that parents and doctors alike accepted that a child went through. But now, there is a vaccine to protect your child against chicken pox.
Immunizations for adults
There is a growing number of immunizations that health care advisories ask adults to take. In fact, children are stronger than adults when it comes to fighting diseases. When one of these childhood illnesses manifest in an adult, it manifests in a stronger mutation and it can lead to complications and could be fatal. Some adult immunizations are vaccinations for mumps, measles, rubella, chicken pox and hepatitis.
Check with your doctor regularly
The problem about virus and bacteria is that they mutate. Research on these diseases has to be ongoing because as soon as a vaccination against them is found, the virus starts mutating and becomes immune to the vaccine. A different vaccine has to be developed to combat the mutated vaccine. Scientists, doctors and social workers work hard to keep people updated on the latest immunizations.
Be a responsible parent and adult and get your child and the rest of your family immunized against diseases!